## Attero: How does the "Rate" distribution with the "Misorder" impairment work and are there any limitations?

 Environment/Versions Attero X v40.04.08 SW E.12.30 FW
 Answer The "Rate" parameter specifies which packet to misorder by the "Depth" parameter. For example:  a 10% rate with a misorder depth of 5 will move every 10th packet 5 out frames deeper into the sequence  |                                       |                                       |  |<--------- every 10th packet --------->|<--------- every 10th packet --------->|  |                                       |                                       | 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130  \                                       \                                       \                                          \                                       \                                       \                                          \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                                           \                                       \                                       \                       101 102 103 104 105 100 106 107 108 109 111 112 113 114 115 110 116 117 118 119 121 122 123 124 125 120 126 127 128 129 131 a 15% rate with a misorder depth of 5 will move 3 out of every 20 packets 5 out frames deeper into the sequence  |                                                                               |                                                                               |  |<------------------------- 3 out of every 20 packets ------------------------->|<------------------------- 3 out of every 20 packets ------------------------->|  |                                                                               |                                                                               | 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140                   \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                             \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                            \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \                                                                         \                           \                           \                       \                           \                           \     100 101 102 103 098 105 106 107 108 109 104 110 112 113 114 115 116 111 117 119 120 121 122 123 118 125 126 127 128 129 124 130 132 133 134 135 136 131 137 139 140 141 142 143 138    The rate threshold is about  1 in 6 (about16%) and is independent of the rate of the packets being impaired. This is the result when the rate is set to 20%.    |                       |                       |                       |                       |                       |                       |      |<-- every 6th packet ->|<-- every 6th packet ->|<-- every 6th packet ->|<-- every 6th packet ->|<-- every 6th packet ->|<-- every 6th packet ->|    |                       |                       |                       |                       |                       |                       |   100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                                \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                                \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \                               \                       \                       \                       \                       \                       \   100 095 102 103 104 105 106 101 108 109 110 111 112 107 114 115 116 117 118 113 120 121 122 123 124 119 126 127 128 129 130 125 132 133 134 135 136 131

Product : Impairment,Attero